Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned operating subsidiaries. Any reference in these notes to applicable guidance is meant to refer to the authoritative GAAP as found in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) and Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”).
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim periods presented. The condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2022 included on the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on April 14, 2023. The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet at December 31, 2022 has been derived from the audited balance sheet at December 31, 2022 contained in the above-referenced Form 10-K. Results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations for a full year.
Impact of the Merger
The Company accounted for the merger as a reverse recapitalization whereby it was determined that Pineapple Energy was the accounting acquirer and CSI was the accounting acquiree. This determination was primarily based on:
Former Pineapple Energy stockholders having the largest voting interest in the Company following the merger;
The implied enterprise value of Pineapple Energy in the merger was well in excess of the market capitalization of CSI prior to the merger;
At the Closing, the board of directors of the Company was fixed at seven members, two of which were selected by CSI and five of which were selected by Pineapple Energy;
Pineapple Energy’s Chief Executive Officer serves as the Chief Executive Officer of the Company subsequent to the merger;
The post-combination company assumed the “Pineapple Energy” name; and
The Company disposed of the pre-existing CSI headquarters during the second quarter of 2022 and disposed of its legacy subsidiaries, JDL and Ecessa, on June 30, 2023 and will continue Pineapple Energy operations in Hawaii.
Accordingly, for accounting purposes, the merger was treated as the equivalent of Pineapple Energy issuing stock for the net assets of CSI, accompanied by a recapitalization.
While CSI was the legal acquirer in the merger, because Pineapple Energy was determined to be the accounting acquirer, the historical financial statements of Pineapple Energy became the historical financial statements of the combined company upon the consummation of the merger. As a result, the financial statements included in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect (i) the historical operating results of Pineapple Energy prior to the merger; (ii) the consolidated results of legacy CSI, Pineapple Energy, HEC, and E-Gear following the closing of the merger; (iii) the assets and liabilities of Pineapple Energy at their historical cost; (iv) the assets and liabilities of CSI, HEC and E-Gear at fair value as of the merger date in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations, and (v) the Company’s equity structure for all periods presented.
In connection with the merger, we have converted the equity structure for the periods prior to the merger to reflect the number of shares of the Company’s common stock issued to Pineapple Energy’s members in connection with the recapitalization transaction. As such, the shares, corresponding capital amounts and earnings per share, as applicable, related to Pineapple Energy member units prior to the merger have been retroactively converted by applying the exchange ratio established in the merger agreement.
On March 28, 2022, following the closing of the merger, the Company closed on a $32.0 million private investment in public entity (“PIPE”) transaction pursuant to a securities purchase agreement. Under the terms of the securities purchase agreement, for their $32.0 million investment, the PIPE Investors received shares of newly authorized CSI Series A convertible preferred stock convertible at a price of $13.60 per share into the Company’s common stock, together with warrants to purchase an additional $32.0 million of common shares at that same price. The Company used the proceeds from the PIPE to fund the cash portion of the HEC Asset Acquisition, to repay $4.5 million ($5.6 million including interest) of Pineapple Energy’s $7.5 million term loan from Hercules Capital, Inc., to pay for transaction expenses, and for working capital to support Pineapple Energy’s growth strategy of acquiring leading local and regional solar installers around the United States.
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries. All intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated.
Use of Estimates
The presentation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company uses estimates based on the best information available in recording transactions and balances resulting from operations. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. The Company’s estimates consist principally of allowances for credit losses, revenue recognition on commercial projects based on percentage of completion, asset impairment evaluations, accruals for compensation plans, lower of cost or market inventory adjustments, the fair value of the term loan payable and related assets at the date of acquisition, the fair value of the contingent value rights and contingent consideration, provisions for income taxes and deferred taxes, depreciable lives of fixed assets, and amortizable lives of intangible assets.
Cash, Restricted Cash and Cash Equivalents
For purposes of the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, the Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at the time of purchase to be cash equivalents. The Company may invest in short-term money market funds that are not considered to be bank deposits and are not insured or guaranteed by the federal deposit insurance company (“FDIC”) or other government agency. These money market funds seek to preserve the value of the investment at $1.00 per share; however, it is possible to lose money investing in these funds. The $2.2 million of restricted cash and cash equivalents on the balance sheet as of September 30, 2023 are funds that can only be used to support the legacy CSI business, and will be distributed to holders of the Company’s contingent value rights (“CVRs”) and cannot be used to support the working capital needs of the Pineapple Energy business.
Investments consist of corporate notes and bonds and commercial paper that are traded on the open market and are classified as available-for-sale. Available-for-sale investments are reported at fair value with unrealized gains and losses excluded from operations and reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity, net of tax. All investments have either converted to cash and cash equivalents or been distributed to the CVR holders as of September 30, 2023.
Accounts Receivable, Net
Accounts receivable are recorded at their net realizable value and are not collateralized. Accounts receivable include amounts earned less payments received and allowances for credit losses. Management continually monitors and adjusts its allowances associated with the Company’s receivables to address any credit risks associated with the accounts receivable and periodically writes off receivables when collection is not considered probable. The Company does not charge interest on past due accounts. When uncertainty exists as to the collection of receivables, the Company records an allowance for credit losses and a corresponding charge to bad debt expense.
Inventories, which consist primarily of materials and supplies used in the installation of solar systems, are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value, with costs computed on a weighted average cost basis. The Company periodically reviews its inventories for excess and obsolete items and adjusts carrying costs to estimated net realizable values when they are determined to be less than cost.
Property, Plant and Equipment, net
Property, plant and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method. Maintenance and repairs are charged to operations and additions or improvements are capitalized. Items of property sold, retired or otherwise disposed of are removed from the asset and accumulated depreciation accounts and any gains or losses on disposal are reflected in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, net
Goodwill represents the amount by which the purchase prices (including liabilities assumed) of acquired businesses exceed the estimated fair value of the net tangible assets and separately identifiable intangible assets of these businesses. Definite lived intangible assets, consisting primarily of trade names, technology, and customer relationships are amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of the asset. Goodwill is not amortized but is tested at least annually for impairment. The Company reassesses the value of our reporting units and related goodwill balances annually on October 1 and at other times if events have occurred or circumstances exist that indicate the carrying amount of goodwill may not be recoverable.
Recoverability of Long-Lived Assets
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of the assets may not be fully recoverable. If indicators of impairment exist, management identifies the asset group that includes the potentially impaired long-lived asset, at the lowest level at which there are separate, identifiable cash flows. If the fair value, determined as the total of the expected undiscounted future net cash flows for the asset group is less than the carrying amount of the asset, a loss is recognized for the difference between the fair value and carrying amount of the asset.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, is comprised of unrealized gains or losses on debt securities.
Revenue is recognized when there is a transfer of control of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration that the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company sells solar power systems under construction and development agreements to residential and commercial customers. The completed system is sold as a single performance obligation. For residential contracts, revenue is recognized at the point-in-time when the systems are placed into service. Any advance payments received in the form of customer deposits are recorded as contract liabilities.
Commercial contracts are generally completed within to months from commencement of construction. Construction on large projects may be completed within to twenty-four months, depending on the size and location of the project. Revenue from commercial contracts is recognized under a percentage of completion method, measured by the percentage of hours incurred to date against estimated total hours budgeted for each contract. Because of inherent uncertainties in estimating costs, it is at least reasonably possible that the estimates used will change within the near future. Contract costs include all direct material, labor costs and those indirect costs related to contract performance, such as indirect labor and other supplies. Selling, general and administrative costs are charged to expense as incurred. Provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts are made in the period in which such losses are determined. Changes in job performance, job conditions and estimated profitability may result in revisions to costs and revenues which are recognized in which the revisions are determined. Changes in estimated job profitability resulting from job performance, job conditions, contract penalty provisions, claims, change orders, and settlements, are accounted for as changes in estimates in the current period.
The Company also arranges for solar power systems to be installed for residential customers by a third party, for which it earns a commission upon the end customer’s acceptance of the installation. As there are more than two parties involved in the sales transaction, the Company has determined it has an agent relationship in the contracts with these customers, due to the fact that the Company is not primarily responsible for fulfilling the promise to provide the installation of solar arrays to the customer, the Company does not have inventory risk and has only limited discretion in pricing. Accordingly, the Company has determined that revenue under these arrangements should be recognized on a net basis.
See Note 4, Revenue Recognition, for further discussion regarding revenue recognition.
Gross Excise Tax
The State of Hawaii imposes a gross receipts tax on all business operations done in Hawaii. The Company records the tax revenue and expense on a gross basis.
Employee Retirement Benefits
The Company has an Employee Savings Plan (401(k)) and matches a percentage of employee contributions up to 6% of compensation. Additionally, as part of the November 9, 2022 SUNation Acquisition, the Company also acquired the SUNation Solar Systems, Inc. 401(k) Plan which matches up to 3% of eligible compensation.
Share Based Compensation
The Company accounts for share-based compensation awards on a fair value basis. The estimated grant date fair value of each stock-based award is recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations over the requisite service period (generally the vesting period).
SUNation warrants its products for various periods against defects in material or installation workmanship. The manufacturers of the solar panels and the inverters provide a warranty period of generally 25 years and 10 years, respectively. SUNation will assist its customers in the event that the manufacturers' warranty needs to be used to replace a defective solar panel or inverter. SUNation provides for warranty up to 10 years in duration on the installation of a system and all equipment and incidental supplies other than solar panels and inverters that are recovered under the manufacturers' warranty. SUNation provides extended workmanship warranties paid by the customer for up to 25 years for the service of inverters, which is reimbursed by the manufacturer.
The Company records a provision for the installation warranty, an expense included in cost of sales, based on management’s best estimate of the probable cost to be incurred in honoring its warranty commitment.
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding the method to allocate resources and assess performance. Our chief operating decision maker is the chief executive officer and chief financial officer. Based on the financial information presented to and reviewed by our chief operating decision maker in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance, we have determined we have two operating segments, but meet the aggregation criteria in order to aggregate into one reportable segment.
Net Loss Per Share
Basic net loss per common share is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during each period. Diluted net loss per common share adjusts for the dilutive effect of potential common shares outstanding. The Company’s only potential additional common shares outstanding are common shares that would result from the conversion of the Series A convertible preferred shares and warrants, which resulted in no dilutive effect for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, and the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022. The Company calculates the dilutive effect of outstanding warrants and unvested shares using the treasury stock method and the dilutive effect of outstanding preferred shares using the if-converted method. There were no options or deferred stock awards excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share because there were no outstanding options or deferred stock awards as of both September 30, 2023 and 2022. Warrants totaling 5,176,471 and 2,353,936 would have been excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, even if there had not been a net loss in those periods, because the exercise price was greater than the average market price of common stock during the period.
Accounting Standards Adopted
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, “Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.” The amendments in this update replace the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses. This ASU is intended to provide financial statement users with more decision-useful information about expected credit losses and is effective for annual periods and interim periods for those annual periods beginning after December 15, 2022, which for us was the first quarter ended March 31, 2023. We adopted this ASU in the first quarter of 2023 without a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.
In October 2021, the FASB issued ASU 2021-08, "Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers" (“ASU 2021-08”). The standard requires an acquirer in a business combination to recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with ASC 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” as if it had originated the contracts. The standard is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted. The Company adopted this ASU during the second quarter of 2022 and has incorporated this guidance in its evaluation of the accounting for the merger and the HEC Asset Acquisition.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which eliminates step two from the goodwill impairment test. Under ASU 2017-04, an entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value up to the amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. ASU 2017-04 became effective for accelerated filing companies for annual periods or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. All other entities, including not-for-profit entities, that are adopting the amendments in this Update should do so for their annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. Early adoption is permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company adopted ASU 2017-04 in 2023.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef