|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2023
NOTE 12 – EQUITY
Convertible Preferred Stock and Warrants
On June 28, 2021, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement (“SPA”) in which, subsequent to the closing of the merger, the Company would authorize the issuance and sale of 25,000 restricted shares of Series A Preferred Stock, par value $1.00 per share (“Convertible Preferred Stock”), to certain investors in a private offering (“PIPE Investors”). On September 15, 2021, the Company amended the SPA to issue 32,000 restricted shares of Convertible Preferred Stock, to the PIPE Investors for $32.0 million in cash. This Convertible Preferred Stock is convertible into underlying shares of the Company’s common stock at any time after the issuance date at the option of the PIPE Investors, subject to certain restrictions, and has a liquidation preference over the Company’s common stock. The Convertible Preferred Stock may be converted by the Company to common stock upon meeting certain market conditions, of which none had been met as of March 31, 2023, and may be redeemed by the Company for cash upon delivery of written notice for a redemption price as defined in the SPA. The PIPE investors in the Convertible Preferred Stock were granted certain registration rights as set forth in the SPA. Holders of the Convertible Preferred Stock have no voting rights and no dividend preference over common stock.
Concurrent with the amendment, the Company entered into warrant agreements with the PIPE Investors to purchase common stock (the “Warrant Agreement”), whereby the Company would issue 2,352,936 warrants (“PIPE Warrants”) to purchase restricted shares of the Company’s common stock for cash or in a cashless exercise. These PIPE Warrants have an exercise price of $13.60 with a term, commencing on the date of issuance.
These Convertible Preferred Stock and PIPE Warrants were issued on March 28, 2022 upon the consummation of the merger. As of March 31, 2023, there were 3,000,000 shares of Convertible Preferred Stock authorized and 28,000 shares of Convertible Preferred Stock issued and outstanding. No PIPE Warrants were exercised prior to March 31, 2023 and all 2,352,936 PIPE Warrants remained outstanding as of March 31, 2023.
The proceeds from the issuance of Convertible Preferred Stock were allocated between the Convertible Preferred Stock and PIPE Warrants using a relative fair value method. As of March 28, 2022, the fair value of the Convertible Preferred Stock was estimated at $756.06 per share with a total fair value recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements of approximately $24.2 million. The fair value of the PIPE Warrants was estimated at $3.32 per share with a total fair value of approximately $7.8 million. The Company utilized a Monte Carlo simulation to determine the fair value of these instruments, which included the following significant assumptions: the expected volatility, risk-free rate, expected annual dividend yield, and expected conversion dates. The Convertible Preferred Stock is reported as part of permanent equity in the condensed consolidated balance sheet and condensed consolidated statement of stockholders’ equity as of March 31, 2023 and 2022. The PIPE Warrants were determined to be equity-classified and the fair value of $7.8 million was recognized in additional paid-in capital as of March 31, 2023 and 2022. In addition, approximately $2.0 million and $0.7 million of offering costs were recorded as a reduction to the carrying values of the Convertible Preferred Stock and PIPE Warrants, respectively.
In September 2021, the Company entered into transactions with holders of its outstanding Series A Preferred Stock to issue PIPE Warrants to purchase the Company's common stock. At such time, the PIPE Warrants contained certain anti-dilution provisions. In November 2022, the Company amended and restated the agreement under which PIPE Warrant holders agreed to waive such provisions in exchange for certain concessions from the Company. Management evaluated the warrants after the modifications and determined that they continued to be equity-classified under the derivative scope exception of ASC 815-40. The PIPE Warrants were valued immediately before and immediately after the modifications to calculate the $3.6 million incremental value of the modified PIPE Warrants. The Company considers this incremental value to be a deemed dividend that reduces retained earnings and earnings per share. As the Company does not have any retained earnings, the Company has the option of recording the deemed dividend by reducing additional paid-in capital (“APIC”) or increasing accumulated deficit. Therefore, in the consolidated statement of stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2022, management recorded the deemed dividend by reducing APIC.
Preferred Stock Modifications
In June 2021, the Company entered into a stock purchase agreement to issue Series A Preferred Stock. At such time, the Series A Preferred Stock contained certain anti-dilution provisions. In November 2022, the Company amended and restated the agreement under which Series A Preferred stockholders agreed to waive such provisions in exchange for certain concessions from the Company. Management evaluated the Series A Preferred Shares after the modifications and determined that they continued to be permanent equity-classified under ASC 480-10-S99-3A(3)(f).
The Company is required to analyze amendment to preferred stock terms to determine the appropriate method of accounting to be applied. While guidance exists in ASC 470-50 to address the accounting for debt modifications, including preferred stock that is accounted for as a liability, there is no comparable guidance to address the accounting for modifications to preferred stock instruments that are accounted for as equity or temporary equity, which necessitates the subjective determination of whether a modification or exchange represents an extinguishment. Current accounting guidance permits the analysis of preferred stock modifications by using either the qualitative approach, the fair value approach or the cash flow approach. Due to the nature of amendment made to the preferred stock terms, the Company determined that the fair value approach was the most appropriate methodology. The Company determined that the amendments resulted in an extinguishment of the Preferred Stock. The Preferred Stock was revalued immediately after the amendment in November 2022 and would recognize the $13.2 million incremental value above the carrying value as a deemed dividend that reduces retained earnings and earnings per share. As the Company does not have any retained earnings, the Company has the option of recording the deemed dividend by reducing APIC or increasing accumulated deficit. Therefore, in the consolidated statement of stockholders’ equity as of December 31, 2022, management recorded the deemed dividend by reducing APIC.